Facade Design Pattern

This week we practice docker a lot bout docker Activity, but we havent learn all about patterns so I choose to write one more Main Design Pattern call Facade Design Pattern. in my homework 3 I picked Decorated design pattern but I have’t learn more about Facade Design Design Pattern. This is really help full in programing becuse it have high level interface that make subsystem easier to use.

Facade design pattern provide a unified interface to a set of interfaces in a subsystem. Facade defines a higher-level interface that makes the subsystem easier to use.Facade pattern is one of structural design pattern among other Gang of Four design pattern. The facade pattern is appropriate when we have a complex system that we want to expose to clients in a simplified way. Its purpose is to hide internal complexity behind a single interface that appears simple from the outside. Facade also decouples the code that uses the system from the details of the subsystems, making it easier to modify the system later.

To understand the facade, let’s take a very simple example of a desktop computer machine. When we have to start a computer, all we have to do is press the start button. We really do not care what all things go inside the computer hardware and software. It is an example of Facade pattern.

In Java programming, we must have connected to a database to fetch some data. We simply call the method dataSource.getConnection() to get the connection but internally a lot of things happen such as loading the driver, creating connection or fetching connection from pool, update stats and then return the connection reference to caller method. It is another example of Facade pattern in the programming world. Similarly, we can find a lot of more examples which hide lots of internal complexities and provide simple to use interface to the programmer to work with the system. All such are facade examples.

Remember facade does not reduce the complexity. It only hides it from external systems and clients. So the primary beneficiary of facade patterns are client applications and other systems only. It provides a simple interface to clients i.e. instead of presenting complex subsystems, we present one simplified interface to clients. It can also help us to reduce the number of objects that a client needs to deal with.

When you call a shop to place a phone order, an operator is your facade to all services and departments of the shop. The operator provides you with a simple voice interface to the ordering system, payment gateways, and various delivery services.




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